CPC Bare Act in Hindi | सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 क्या है | पीडीऍफ़ डाउनलोड


जब भी कोर्ट के बारे में हम सुनते हैं अक्सर हमारे मन में यही ख्याल आता है कि आखिर यहाँ कोर्ट के अंदर किस प्रकार से कार्य होते है | इसके लिए हमने आपको दंड विधान जिसमे दाण्डिक मामले आते हैं इनके लिए दंड प्रक्रिया संहिता को अपनाया जाता है | इसके बारे में हमने पहले आपको बताया है | लेकिन कुछ ऐसे मामले होते हैं जिसमे सजा न देकर उसमे किसी बात का निपटारा करवाया जाता है, जैसे इन विषयों से सम्बंधित मामले – व्यक्ति के अधिकारों का हनन, संपत्ति का हस्तांतरण या अधिकार, कॉन्ट्रैक्ट या पारिवारिक विवाद सुनते होंगे ऐसे मामलो को सिविल या दीवानी मामले कहा जाता है | इसके लिए कोर्ट में कैसे प्रक्रिया को अपनाया जाता है ये सब सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 में निहित किया गया है |

आज हम आपको यहाँ इस पेज पर न सिर्फ सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908  के बारे में बताएँगे बल्कि इसके सभी धाराओं के बारे में पूरे विस्तार से चर्चा करेंगे |अगर आप ध्यान से इसको पढ़ेंगे तो मुझे पूरा  विश्वास है कि आप सिविल प्रक्रिया के बारे में अपनी अच्छी समझ विकसित कर पाएंगे | आपको यहाँ ये भी पता चलेगा कि अपराध के लिए न्यायालय में कैसी प्रक्रिया को अपनायी जाता है |

सीआरपीसी (दण्ड प्रक्रिया संहिता) क्या है


यहाँ आप ये भी जानेगे कि  जज के सामने अपराधी को किस तरह और कब पेश किया जायेगा इन सबके बारे में आपको हमारे इस पोर्टल पर सभी प्रकार की जांनकारी मिलेगी | तो अब हम आइये जानते हैं इस लेख में CPC का क्या मतलब होता है, CPC का फुलफॉर्म क्या होता है और CPC Bare Act in Hindi | सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 क्या है | पीडीऍफ़ डाउनलोड क्या है ?

आईपीसी (IPC) का क्या मतलब होता है

CPC का क्या होता है

सीपीसी‘ (CPC) सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता का संक्षिप्त नाम है। सिविल मामलों में जिन प्रक्रियाओं को न्यायालय द्वारा अपनाया जाता है उनको ही इस संहिता में समाहित किया गया है | आज यहाँ हम आपको CPC (सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता) 1908  के बारे में वो सब कुछ बताएँगे जिसके अनुसार कोर्ट में मुक़दमे की प्रक्रिया चलती है | यहाँ हम आपको बताना चाहेंगे कि सिविल प्रक्रिया, आपराधिक प्रक्रिया की अपेक्षा थोड़ी कठिन होती है। इस संहिता में व्यवस्थित प्रक्रिया दी गई है कि कोई भी मुकदमा किस प्रकार प्रारम्भ होकर समाप्ति तक जाएगा।

जैसा हमने आपको बताया कि सिविल मुकदमों (अर्थात् दीवानी) पर निर्णय देते समय न्यायालयों द्वारा पालन की जाने वाली आवश्यक प्रक्रिया एवं मानकों को सिविल प्रक्रिया (Civil procedure) कहते हैं। जबकि आपराधिक मुकदमों में दूसरी प्रक्रिया अपनायी जाती है जिसे दण्ड प्रक्रिया कहते हैं। सिविल प्रक्रिया में कुछ नियमों दिए गए हैं इनमे स्पष्ट उल्लेख है कि –

  • सिविल मुकदमों को किस प्रकार से आरम्भ किया जा सकता है |
  • केस की सुनवाई किस-किस प्रकार से होगी |
  • कथन (बयान) कैसे लिए जाएंगे |
  • किस-किस प्रकार के आवेदन किए जा सकते हैं |
  • किस प्रकार के आदेश दिए जा सकते हैं |
  • निक्षेपण (depositions) का समय एवं तरीका क्या होगा, आदि |

किसी निजी या सार्वजनिक अधिकार के बारे में दो या अधिक पक्षों के बीच जो वाद शुरू होता है वह सिविल वाद या दीवानी वाद कहलाता है। दीवानी मामलों को ऐसे भी समझा जा सकता है कि वे सारे कानूनी विवाद जिनका सम्बन्ध फौजदारी मामलों से न हो, दीवानी मामले कहे जाते हैं।

शपथ पत्र (Affidavit) क्या होता है

सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता (CPC) का फुलफॉर्म क्या होता है

पहले हम इसकी फुल फॉर्म क्या होती है इसको जानते हैं ,CPC की फुल फॉर्म क्या होती है| इसको  यानि CPC को सिविल प्रोसीजर कोड CIVIL PROCEDURE CODE कहते हैं इसे हिंदी में “सिविल प्रिक्रिया संहिता” कहते हैं | सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 (The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908) भारत का सिविल प्रक्रिया सम्बन्धी कानून है। यह पहली बार 1859 में लागू हुआ था। इसे व्यवहार प्रक्रिया संहिता भी कहते हैं।

परिवाद पत्र क्या है

CPC Bare Act in Hindi | सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 क्या है | पीडीऍफ़ डाउनलोड

सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 (The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908) में 11 भाग 158 धाराएं तथा 51आर्डर निहित है | आप नीचे दिए गए लिंक से CPC Bare Act in Hindi | सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता, 1908 क्या है | पीडीऍफ़ डाउनलोड कर सकते हैं | 

Download Here :     CPC Bare Act in Hindi पीडीऍफ़ डाउनलोड

वादी (Petitioner), प्रतिवादी (Respondent) क्या होता है

Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

ACT NO.5 OF 1908

Contents
SectionsParticulars
Preliminary
1Short title
2Definitions
3Subordination of Courts
4Savings
5Application of the Code to Revenue Courts
6Pecuniary jurisdiction
7Provincial Small Cause Courts
8Presidency Small Cause Courts
Part ISuits In General
9Courts to try all civil suits unless barred
10Stay of suit
11Res judicata
12Bar to further suit
13When foreign judgment not conclusive
14Presumption as to foreign judgments
15Court in which suits to be instituted
16Suits to be instituted where subject matter situate
17Suits for immovable property situate within jurisdiction of different Courts
18Place of institution of suit where local limits of jurisdiction of Courts are uncertain
19Suits for compensation for wrongs to person or movables
20Other suits to be instituted where defendants reside or cause of action arises
21Objections to jurisdiction
22Power to transfer suits which may be instituted in more than one Court
23To what Court application lies
24General power of transfer and withdrawal
25Power of State Government to transfer suits
26Institution of suits
27Summons to defendants
28Service of summons where defendant resides in another State
29Service of foreign summonses.Summonses and other processes issued by 30
30Power to order discovery and the like. Subject to such conditions and limitations as may be prescribed, the Court may, at any time, either of its own motion or on the application of any party
31Summons to witness
32Penalty for default
33Judgment and decree
34Interest
35Costs
Part IIExecution
36Application to orders
37Definition of Court which passed a decree
38Court by which decree may be executed
39Transfer of decree
40Transfer of decree to Court in another State
41Result of execution-proceedings to be certified
42Powers of Court in executing transferred decree
43Execution of decrees passed by Civil Courts in places to which this Code does not extend
44Execution of decrees passed by Revenue Courts in places to which this Code does not extend
44AExecution of decrees passed by Courts in reciprocating territory
45Execution of decrees outside India
46Precepts
47Questions to be determined by the Court executing decree
48Execution barred in certain cases
49Transferee
50Legal representative
51Powers of Court to enforce execution
52Enforcement of decree against legal representative
53Liability of ancestral property
54Partition of estate or separation of share
55Arrest and detention
56Prohibition of arrest or detention of women in execution of decree for money
57Subsistence allowance
58Detention and release
59Release on ground of illness
60Property liable to attachment and sale in execution of decree
61Partial exemption of agricultural produce
62Seizure of property in dwelling house
63Property attached in execution of decrees of several Courts
64Private alienation of property after attachment to be void
65Purchasers title
66Suit against purchaser not maintainable on ground of purchase being on behalf of plaintiff
67Power for State Government to make rules as to sales of land in execution of decrees for payment of money
68Power to prescribe rules for transferring to Collector execution of certain decrees
69Provisions of Third Schedule to apply
70Rules of procedure
71Collector deemed to be acting judicially
72Where Court may authorize Collector to stay public sale of land
73Proceeds of execution-sale to be rateably distributed among decree-holders
74Resistance to execution
PART IIIIncidental Proceedings
75Power of Court to issue commissions
76Commission to another Court
77Letter of request
PART IVSuits In Particular Cases
80Notice
81Exemption from arrest and personal appearance
82Execution of decree
83When aliens may use
84When foreign States may use
85Persons specially appointed by Government to prosecute or defend on behalf of foreign Rulers
86Suits against foreign Rulers, Ambassadors and Envoys
87Style of foreign Rulers as parties to suits
87ADefinitions of foreign State and Rulers
87BApplication of sections 85 and 86 to Rulers of former Indian States
88Where interpleader suit may be instituted
Part VSpecial Proceedings] Dings
89[Arbitration.] Rep.by the Arbitration Act, 1940 (10 of 1940), s.49 and Sch.III
90Power to state case for opinion of Court
91Public nuisances
92Public Charities
93Exercise of powers of Advocate General outside presidency-towns
Part VISupplemental Proceedings
94Supplemental proceedings
95Compensation for obtaining arrest, attachment or injunction on insufficient grounds
Part VIIAppeals From Original Decrees
96Appeal from original decree
97Appeal from final decree where no appeal from preliminary decree
98Decision where appeal heard by two or more Judges
99No decree to be reversed or modified for error or irregularity not affecting merit or jurisdiction
100Second appeal
101Second appeal on no other grounds
102No second appeal in certain suits
103Power of High Court to determine issues of fact
104Orders from which appeal lies
105Other orders
106What Courts to hear appeals
107Power of Appellate court
108Procedure in appeals from appellate decrees and orders
109When appeal lie to the Supreme Court
110Value of subject-matter
111Bar of certain appeals
111AAppeal to Federal Court
112Savings
Part VIIIReference, Review And Revision
113Refence to High Court
114Review
115Revision
Part IXSpecial Provisions Relating To The {Subs. By Act 2 Of 1951, S.14, For “Chartered High Courts”.}[High Courts For Part A States And Part B States]
116Part to apply only to certain High Courts
117Application of Code to High Courts
118Execution of decree before ascertainment of costs
119Unauthorized persons not to address Court
120Provision not applicable to High Court on original civil jurisdiction
Part XRules
121Effect of rules in First Schedule
122Power of certain High Court to make rules
123Constitution of Rule Committees in certain States
124Committee to report to High Court
125Power of other High Courts to make rules
126Rules to be subject to approval
127Publication of rules
128Matters for which rules may provide
129Power of High Courts to make rules as to their original civil procedure
130Power of other High Courts to make rules as to matters other than procedure
131Publication of rules
Part XIMiscellaneous
132Exemption of certain women from personal appearance
133Exemption of other persons
134Arrest other than in execution of decree
135Exemption from arrest under civil Process
135AExemption of members of legislative bodies from arrest and detention under civil process
136Procedure where person to be arrested or property to be attached is outside district
137Language of Subordinate Courts
138Power of High Court to require evidence to be recorded English
139Oath on affidavit by whom to be administered
140Assessors in causes of salvage, etc
141Miscellaneous proceedings
142Orders and notices to be in writing
143Postage
144Application for restitution
145Enforcement of Liability of surety
146Proceedings by or against representatives
147Consent or agreement by persons under disability
148Enlargement of time
149Power to make up deficiency of court-fees
150Transfer of business
151Saving of inherent powers of Court
152Amendment of judgments, decrees or orders
153General power to amend
154Saving of present right of appeal
155Amendment of certain Acts
156Repeals
157Continuance of Orders under repealed enactments
158Reference to Code of Civil Procedure and other repealed enactment
The First Schedule
Order IParties To Suits
Order IIFrame of Suit
Order IIIRecognized Agents And Pleaders
Order IVInstitution Of Suits
Order VIssue Ann Service Of Summons
Order VIPleadings Generally
Order VIIPlaint
Order VIIIWritten Statement And Set-Off
Order IXAppearance of Parties and Consequence Of Non-Appearance
Order XExamination Of Parties By The Court
Order XIDiscovery And Inspection
Order XIIAdmissions
Order XIIIProduction, Impounding And Return Of Documents
Order XIVSettlement Of Issues And Determination Of Suit On Issues Of Law Or On Issues Agreed Upon
Order XVDisposal Of The Suit At The First Hearing
Order XVISummoning And Attendance Of Witnesses
Order XVIIAdjournments
Order XVIIIHearing Of The Suit And Examination Of Witnesses
Order XIXAffidavits
Order XXJudgment And Decree
Order XXIExecution Of Decrees And Orders
Order XXIIDeath, Marriage And Insolvency Of Parties
Order XXIIIWithdrawal and Adjustment of Suits
Order XXIVPayment Into Court
Order XXVSecurity For Costs
Order XXVICommissions
Order XXVIISuits By Or Against The Government Or Public Officers In Their Official Capacity
Order XXVIIASuits Involving A Substantial Question Of Law As To The Interpretation Of The Constitution
Order XXVIIISuits By Or Against Military Or Naval Men Or Airmen
Order XXIXSuits By Or Against Corporations
Order XXXSuits By Or Against Firms And Persons Carrying On Business In Names Other Than Their Own
Order XXXISuits By Or Against Trustees, Executors And Administrators
Order XXXIISuits By Or Against Minors And Persons Of Unsound Mind
Order XXXIIISuits By Paupers
Order XXXIVSuits Relating To Mortgages Of Immovable Property
Order XXXVInterpleader
Order XXXVISpecial Case
Order XXXVIISummary Procedure On Negotiable: Instruments
Order XXXVIIIArrest and Attachment Before Judgment
Order XXXIXTemporary Injunctions And Interlocutory Orders
Order XLAppointment OK, Receivers
Order XLIAppeals From Original Decrees
Order XLIIAppeals From Appellate Decrees
Order XLIIIAppeals From Orders
Order XLIVPauper Appeals
Order XLVAppeals To The Supreme Court
Order XLVIReference
Order XLVIIReview
Order XLVIIIMiscellaneous
Order XLIXChartered High Courts
Order LProvincial Small Cause Courts
Order LIPresidency Small Cause Courts
Appendices to The First Schedule
Appendix APleadings
Appendix BProcess
Appendix CDiscovery, Inspection And Admission
Appendix DDecrees
Appendix EExecution
Appendix FSupplemental Proceedings
Appendix GAppeal, Reference And Review
Appendix HMiscellaneous
The Second Schedule[Arbitration.] Rep.by the Arbitration Act, 1940 (10 of 1940), s.49 (1) and Sch.III.
The Third ScheduleExecution Of Decrees By Collectors
The Fourth Schedule[Enactment’s amended] Rep.by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1952 (48 of 1952), s.2 and Sch.I.
The Fifth Schedule[Enactments repealed.] Rep.by the Second Repealing and Amending Act, 1914 (17 of 1914),s.3 and Sch.II.

आरोप पत्र क्या होता है 

यदि आप अपने सवाल का उत्तर प्राइवेट चाहते है तो आप अपना सवाल कांटेक्ट फॉर्म के माध्यम से पूछें |

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